Three hidden dangers of safety production in China

2022-07-29
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On February 18, it was learned from the Symposium on work safety of petrochemical industry associations hosted by the third Supervision Department of the State Administration of work safety that during the "12th Five Year Plan" period, China's chemical work safety situation was still grim. The State Administration of work safety urged all industry associations to ask their chemical engineering personnel to guide the project team in the right direction, further increase the investment in work safety, cooperate with the State Administration of work safety in the preparation of industrial work safety management regulations, access conditions for industrial work safety, key points for design review of industrial safety facilities and other documents, and strengthen the guidance for enterprise work safety

according to wanghaoshui, director of the third Supervision Department of the State Administration of work safety, through the joint efforts of the government, associations and enterprises during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, the safety rectification and management of the chemical industry have achieved remarkable results. The number of dangerous chemical accidents has decreased, and the number of deaths has decreased significantly, which is controlled at about 200 per year. Although some achievements have been made, the current situation of chemical safety production is still grim, which is reflected in three aspects:

first, the current situation of weak safety production foundation in the chemical industry has not been fundamentally changed, the process technology is backward, the management level is low, and the quality of employees is low. Some old compressors of synthetic ammonia are still working, and many ventilation posts of synthetic ammonia are still operated manually. The safety problems of some small chemical enterprises are even more shocking. For example, a reaction kettle is a factory. There is a lack of automatic control means and incomplete safety facilities. There are huge hidden dangers in safety production

secondly, the petrochemical industry has grown rapidly in recent years, and the safety management force is not suitable. Some chemical enterprises are developing at a growth rate of 100% or even higher, but the number of experienced managers and leading cadres is growing slowly. Although the original management power still exists, the increase of management objects leads to the dilution of management power, which also makes the refined safety management of chemical enterprises face new challenges

thirdly, multiple factors lead to increased pressure on chemical safety production. The large-scale units, supporting facilities and storage facilities of the units mean that once a safety accident occurs, it will be more difficult to deal with the emergency and rescue; Coal chemical industry is developing rapidly. Now, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Xinjiang and other coal producing provinces have launched coal chemical projects. However, on the one hand, there is no safety standard for the most widely used link of coal gas, and it is still in the stage of research, experiment and design. On the other hand, the number of management and technical personnel of coal chemical industry enterprises is far from enough, and the quality of workers can not keep up with the demands of modern safety production; The chemical industry park faces the dilemma of safety management. When so many chemical enterprises gather together, they are prone to chain reaction and domino effect in case of danger

the analysis of the current safety situation of the chemical industry by the State Administration of work safety has been recognized by various industry associations

jiangshunping, an engineer of China Carbide Industry Association, believes that at present, the automation level of carbide enterprises is still relatively low. A considerable number of enterprises have backward production devices, and the design of equipment, automation control and safety facilities lags behind the current safety production requirements. Some enterprises even have the phenomenon of manual feeding

liudongsheng, Deputy Secretary General of China Chlor Alkali Industry Association, pointed out that the rapid growth of production capacity in chlor alkali industry in recent years has led to a shortage of safety management personnel. As a result, the safety management of old enterprises has declined, and the safety management of new enterprises can not keep up. According to preliminary statistics, the number of safety accidents in chlor alkali industry in 2010 increased compared with that in 2009. Moreover, there were fewer transportation accidents of hazardous chemicals, and more accidents occurred within enterprises. Most of the safety accidents with great impact occurred in new enterprises whose production was less than 5 years

renfucong, Secretary General of China Chemical Reagent Industry Association, also said that in recent years, the number of enterprises producing chemical reagents has increased dramatically, especially the private enterprises all over the country have developed rapidly. However, safety problems also arise. Only half of the nearly 1000 enterprises engaged in the production (sub packaging) of chemical reagents in China have production licenses

wanghaoshui believes that the particularity of safety production in the chemical industry, once an accident occurs, will not only endanger the safety of on-site operators, but also affect social stability. Therefore, only by solving the problem of safety in production can the chemical industry become bigger and stronger and achieve sustainable development

Wang haoshui suggested that all industry associations should strengthen work safety in the following aspects: do a good job in the preparation of "line 1: Regulations on the management of work safety in the case of power transformer with input but without output". For the relatively simple industries such as synthetic ammonia and chlor alkali, we can speed up the preparation of this regulation. However, some associations involve many types of chemicals, so we should first prepare regulations for the industries or products with the greatest problems in work safety; Formulate the access conditions for industrial safety production to further improve and refine the 2015 requirements for safety issues in the industry access conditions; Prepare the key points for design review of industrial safety facilities to ensure safety from the source; Study the exit mechanism of industrial safety production. He also suggested that for industries with prominent safety problems, the association should take the initiative to request and cooperate with the State Administration of work safety to carry out special inspection on work safety, and supervise enterprises to carry out safety rectification through participating in safety inspection

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